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ASSAM CHAH MAZDOOR SANGHA

                                      ORIGINE :- On 4th May 1947, the Indian National Trade Union Congress came in to being in New Delhi. Subsequent to this the Assam INTUC was formed. After that, a trade union for the Tea Plantation Workers in ASSAM was started by the then veteran leaders like Kamakhya Prosad Tripathi, Bijoy Chandra Bhagoboti, Amiyo Kumar Das, Keder Nath Goswami, Robin Kakoti, Mahendra Nath Sharma, Ghanakanta Moran, Jadunath Bhuyan, Dolbir Singh Lohar, Chanu Kharia, Durgeswar Saikia, Jogendra Nath Rajmedhi, Molia Tanti, Radhanath Khemka, Sarbeswar Bordolai, Durgeswar Saikia, Lakhan Chandra Karmakar, Narad Kumar, Probin Goswami, Mohitush Purakayastha, Chatragopal Karmakar, Sunil Kumar Nag, Prafulla Sarkar, Harlal Garh, Dipak Murmoo, Surendra Nath Mishra, Luthru Bhumij, Tarun Chutia, Durga Prosad Khargoria, Patras Ekka, Lokeswar Gogoi, Satya Narayan Ram, Bancha Saikia, Hemanta Dutta, Mahananda Bora, Labanya Deka, Joy Chandra Das, Santosh Kumar Sinha, Munia Bhat and many others which was registered under Indian Trade Union Act 1926 on District wise unit basis.

                                      On 9th August, 1958 the joint meeting of the Working Committee of Assam Branch, INTUC and District ACMS unified District Chah Mazdoor Sanghas into one ASSAM CHAH MAZDOOR SANGHA organization with Head Quarters at Dibrugarh to make union work more speedy and efficiently.

                                      The Union of the Assam Chah Mazdoor Sangha has been established on a democratic set up comprising of three Tires:

                              (A) Central Level,

                                      (B) Branch Level, and

                                      (C) Primary Committee at plantation Level.

                                      The ACMS (Central Office) Dibrugarh is the registered body under the Indian Trade Union Act. The ACMS Central Office Dibrugarh Has 22 (Twenty Two) Branches spread throughout Assam (Brahmaputra Valley). Each Branch is functioning with jurisdictions demarcated according to local conditions and convenience with the primary committee based at the plantation level. The primary units at plantation level form the base of democratic set up comprising of three tires in more than 800 Tea Gardens in Assam. ACMS is very fortunate that it owns approx 3,50,000 (Three Lac Fifty Thousand) members who are working permanently in the Gardens in Assam. ACMS also achieves success to some extent in serving the needs of the Temporary Workers who are equal in number like the Permanent Workers in Assam.

 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES : - On the applied principles of INTUC to establish an order of society which is free from hindrances in the way of an all round development in its individual members which encourages the growth of human personality and education in all its aspects and goes to the utmost limit in progressively eliminating social, political and economic exploitation and inequality.

GLORIOUS JOURNEY OF ACMS: - Ever since its inception the ACMS has been working successfully to its credit as the only ONE and ONE actively strong and effective union of the Tea Plantation Workers recognized by the Tea Industry as well as the State Administration (Refers Bilateral Agreements between ACMS and Employers Association).

The ACMS has an experienced staff more than three hundred employees who keep regular contact with the primary units of the plantations and the workers on all matters of their interest, common good and welfare.

Besides its work and activities devoted to main enhance of Industrial Disputes through constitutional manner following grievance procedure. ACMS has ample functional success and credit of many record of achieving and setting worker’s right and demands through collective bargaining.

ACMS has so far made several wages agreement for the Tea Plantation Workers on industry wise basis by holding negotiations with the Employees’ Association time to time till date.

 In 1955, quite a decade before the payment of BONUS ACT had come into force on 1965, it was the ACMS, Assam which had successfully concluded Agreements with Tea Employers’ Associations in the region to pay profit Bonus to Tea Plantation Workers.

Various Industry wise Agreements, Collective Agreements were reached between ACMS and Employer’s Association where by the Tea Planters Association provided to-day’s benefit and facilities to the Tea Garden Workers in Assam Valley.

This apart it has, under its control, set up a centralized co-operative society under the name and style of Assam Tea Employee’s Industrial Co-operative Organization Limited (ATEICOL) with membership confined to Tea Plantation Workers and dividend is given to all share holders. The Central Co-operative runs a Printing Press and a Sales Division Supply Depot also.

ACMS provides financials assistance to meritorious and needy students, hailing from the Tea Plantation Labour Community in their studies in Universities, Colleges and Schools. The credit for providing Govt. facility like school uniform, mid-day meal, hostel, rest houses in different places to the students belonging to the Tea Garden Workers Community goes to ACMS. High school in Dumdooma and Sonari Circle managed solely by ACMS and so on.

ACMS has produced two full length feature films on welfare themes focusing the points on thrift, family planning, adult education, health and hygiene including sponsoring of the co-operative movement.  The film were titled ‘Kesasona’ (Pure Gold) and ‘Ratanlal’ and were highly acclaimed by the Press, the public and the workers alike,  ‘Ratanlal’ was exhibited in 1975 at the Rastrapati Bhawan, New Delhi amidst National elites. 

In addition to this the ACMS organizes cultural troop and festivals with the artists taking parts from and amongst the tea plantation workers besides others. In case of sick and ailing ex-members of ACMS it offers medical aid and care.

The ACMS runs a craft training centre at Dibrugarh and Tinsukia for training of girls hailing from the tea labour plantation community on Tailoring, Knitting, weaving and Embroidery.

The union publishes in Assamese a monthly organ of its own in the name and style ‘Chah Mazdoor’ in 1969 which is continued till date in wide circulation.  It is remarkable that the paper was honoured with national award on 17th Dec 1993 at Delhi.

Besides, ACMS publishes books in Assamese: - “Tuchu Geetar Maje Maje” by Sri Sushil Kurmi, “Gandhiji, Asom Aru Ashomor Chah Mazdoor” by Late Robin Kakoti, “Swadhinota Sangrami Sramik Neta Dolbir Sing Lohar” translated by Sri Bishnulal Upadhaya, “Chah Bagichat Sikhshar Prashar” by Sri Prahlad Tasha.

ACMS is organizing sports like ‘Inter garden Football Competition’ and etc to encourage the young generation with a dream to make player of name and fame amongst them.

Since 1962, ACMS is rendering contribution for an amount of Lac and Lac Rupees and essential commodities also towards national Fund Chinese Aggression and Subsequent Cyclone, Earthquake and Flood affected areas when and where happened till date.

ACMS is affiliated with International Union like IUF, IFBWW which has larger membership and is functioning as a harmonious whole in the Trade Union Field in due discharge of its responsibilities to the tea plantation workers with loyality to the Industries. ACMS is sponsoring selected candidates to attend the programme organized by IUF and IFBWW on different tropics for awareness of the Tea Garden Workers. ACMS achieves success to aware and to educate the Tea Garden Workers to be fit to step with other progressive nation in all  aspects.

To-day’s ACMS, one of the largest Union in Asia is the only one symbol of Unity, Solidarity and Progress of Tea Garden People in Assam which is no doubt possible specially for the able leadership of Sri  P.S. Ghatowar,(M.P) President ACMS Central Office and Sri M.S. Khandait, the then General Secretary and also Sri Dileswer Tanti, Ex-MLA, Ex-Labour Minister who is now General Secretary of ACMS Central Office are serving ACMS in unique and versatile manner and become renowned figure in the Trade union world for more than three decades.